Warbler migration season is upon us, and with over 50 species of warblers, you’re almost certain to see a few of these brightly colored birds. Classified as wood warblers, household paruleda, about half of its abundant species reside in North America.
Seeing is one thing, but knowing what you are looking and listening to is most, if not all, of the struggle. I’ve experienced the joy of seeing a new bird, just to be obscured by the frustrating reality that I had no idea exactly what I saw. The following five categories are essential to bird identification:
Behavior and Habitat
Let us have a deeper look at each one.
Size: They’re big on audio, but warblers are small in stature.
Many are small, and plump, usually sporting a shorter tail like this blackpoll warbler.
Yellow Rumped Warbler
Insect eaters, all warblers have a short, pointy, tweezer-like bill, which aid in their adroit picking and plucking of food.
The ovenbird and both waterthrushes are a part of the wood warbler family, as are redstarts, yellowthroats and chats.
Color: Two thirds of North American warblers have yellow markings, ranging from bright yellow on most of the body like an American goldfinch in spring and summer, to pale yellow shading on different parts of the body similar to the colors of an American goldfinch in winter. Other common colors include mixtures of white and black, dark-to-bluish gray or blue and white, and in only a couple instances smaller chestnut-to-orange markings.
Audio: After listening to over 40 warbler calls, I believe I can safely categorize them into two major categories; tunes and chirp/trills.
The most significant identifiers of a warbler voice is that it is very high-pitched, and almost without exception, like the squeaky sound of a yellow rubber duck. The blackburnian warbler is the best example of this. Have a listen: Blackburnian Warbler Call
Whether tune or chirp, the warbler’s communication is very fast, often with short little sounds strung together, and complicated in nature. Many warbler calls seem to be trying to urgently tell you something important, or talking. While most of the chirps and trills are sharp and clear with a flute-like pure quality, many of their tunes will have a buzzing aspect to it, typically at the start or end.
Some exceptions to songs with a buzz comprise the following warblers; Canada, chestnut-sided, Connecticut, Grace’s, hooded, Kentucky, Lucy’s and Nashville.
Behavior and Habitat: This is perhaps the most overlooked, but in my estimation, one of the most valuable Bird identification categories. It automatically eliminates dozens of birds, by the simple truth they’re region-specific. The habitat preferences are as vast and diverse as the warblers themselves. From ground dwellers and trunk crawlers to evergreen nesters and canopy tree-top fans, a one-size-fits all habitat doesn’t define or confine a warbler. 1 thing you can be certain of is their insect-eating behavior with picking and poking action.
If you’re not sure what this might look like, simply observe a Northern cardinal for a few minutes, and you’re going to have a excellent idea. Apparently nervous, warblers don’t stay in one place very long. If you’re fortunate enough to observe one on a branch for a while, they will quickly turn their mind or body watching their surroundings from every angle, for predators no doubt. Frequently they do not sit still and will flit from branch to branch in a tree, or between trees close in proximity.
Warblers are found mostly in the eastern states and Canada in the summer and spend their winters in Central and South America. With the exception of the yellow, warblers are almost non-existent at the Central Plains, most likely because of its wide open, treeless landscape. Only a small handful is found on the West Coast and in West Central region.